Keywords: N. M. Karamzin, history of Russia, image of a historian, attitude, selfidentification, knowledge, truth, state, emperor.
For citation:

Sapchenko, L. A. “A Sensitive Author and a Strict Historian in the Essay by N. M. Karamzin ʽOn the Moscow Rebellion in the Reign of Alexei Mikhailovich’.” Dva veka russkoi klassiki, vol. 5, no. 2, 2023, pp. 6–23. (In Russ.)

Author: Liubov A. Sapchenko
Information about the author:

Liubov A. Sapchenko, DSc in Philology, Professor, Department of Russian Language, Literature and Journalism, Ulyanovsk State University of Education, 4/5 Lenin Sq., 432071 Ulyanovsk, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: February 16, 2023
Approved after reviewing: March 30, 2023
Published: June 25, 2023
Issue: 2023 Volume 5 No. 2
Department: Russian Literature of the 18th–19th Centuries
Pages: 6–23

UDK: 821.161.1.09"19"


The article undertakes a study of Karamzin’s historical essays published in the “Vestnik Evropy” (1802–1803) and representing various modifications of the image of a historian (“smart historian,” “timid historian,” “impartial historian,” “frivolous historian,” ёёёёёёё“strict historian” and etc.). Referring to the essay “On the Moscow Rebellion in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich” allows the author of the article to assert that on the eve of writing his historical work, Karamzin creates an image of an alien flattery and relying only on reliable evidence of the Russian Patriot Historian, whose word sounds like an incorruptible voice of truth not only in factological sense, but also in the state-patriotic one. According to the researcher’s observations, the analyzed essay is dominated by the point of view of a “strict historian,” who evaluates the activities of the ruler from the standpoint of national interests (“state morality”), which does not coincide with the perception of events by a sensitive author and marks an important milestone in Karamzin’s ideological evolution.


Vseobshchaia istoriia i istoricheskaia nauka v XX – nachale XXI veka: sbornik statei i soobshchenii: v 2 t. [General History and Historical Science in the 20th – Early 21st Century: Collection of Articles and Messages: in 2 vols.] Kazan, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University Publ., 2020. (In Russ.)

Gurvich, I. A. O razvitii khudozhestvennogo myshleniia v russkoi literature (konets XVIII – pervaia polovina XIX v.) [On the Development of Artistic Thinking in Russian Literature (Late 18th – First Half of the 19th Century)]. Tashkent, Fan Publ., 1987. 118 p. (In Russ.)

Kliuchevskii, V. O. Neopublikovannye proizvedeniia [Unpublished Works]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983. 416 p. (In Russ.)

Kozlov, V. P. “N. M. Karamzin — istorik” [“N. M. Karamzin as a Historian”]. Karamzin, N. M. Istoriia gosudarstva Rossiiskogo [History of the Russian State], book 4. Moscow, Kniga Publ., 1988, pp. 17–27. (In Russ.)

Lotman, Iu. M. “ʽO drevnei i novoi Rossii v ee politicheskom i grazhdanskom otnosheniiakh’ Karamzina — pamiatnik russkoi publitsistiki nachala XIX veka” [“ʽOn Ancient and New Russia in its Political and Civil Relations’ by Karamzin as a Monument of Russian Journalism of the Early 19th Century]. Lotman, Iu. M. Karamzin [Karamzin]. St. Petersburg, Iskusstvo-SPb. Publ., 1997, pp. 588–601. (In Russ.)

Lotman, Iu. M. Sotvorenie Karamzina [The Creation of Karamzin]. Moscow, Kniga Publ., 1987. 336 p. (In Russ.)

Madzharov, A. S. “N. M. Karamzin o nravstvennom nachale i providenii v russkoi istorii i istoriografii” [“N. M. Karamzin on the Moral Principle and Providence in Russian History and Historiography”]. Izvestiia Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia: Politologiia. Religiovedenie, no. 16, 2016, pp. 40–47. (In Russ.)

Platonov, S. F. “Karamzin-istorik” [“Karamzin-Historian”]. Karamzin: Pro et Contra: lichnost’ i tvorchestvo N. M. Karamzina v otsenke russkikh pisatelei, kritikov, issledovatelei [Karamzin: Pro et Contra: The Personality and Work of N. M. Karamzin in the Assessment of Russian Writers, Critics, Researchers]. St. Petersburg, Russian Christian Humanitarian Academy Publ., 2006, pp. 257–269. (In Russ.)

Sapchenko, L. A. “ʽDar iskrennei liubvi…’ (Neizdannyi al’bom N. M. Karamzina”) [“ʽA Gift of True Love...’ (N. M. Karamzin’s Upublished Album)”]. Literaturnyi fakt, no. 2 (12), 2019, pp. 8−57. DOI: 10.22455/2541-8297-2019-12-8-57 (In Russ.)

Sverdlov, M. B. Istoriia Rossii v trudakh N. M. Karamzina [History of Russia in the Works of N. M. Karamzin]. St. Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriia Publ., 2018. 368 p. (In Russ.)